Kewal Krishan & Co, Chartered Accountants
Nonresident Aliens Industry-Specific Regulations

Navigating the U.S. Tax Maze: A Guide for Nonresident Aliens

The Alien Conundrum: Understanding Your Tax Status

Are you an alien in the U.S. tax world? Not the extraterrestrial kind, but the kind that’s not a U.S. citizen or national. If you haven’t passed the green card test or the substantial presence test, you’re considered a nonresident alien. And yes, this status comes with its own set of tax rules and obligations.

Who Must File: Are You on the List?

If you’re a nonresident alien engaged in a trade or business in the U.S., or if you have U.S. income that wasn’t fully taxed at the source, you need to file a return. This also applies to representatives, agents, and fiduciaries responsible for such individuals. Even if you’re here on a temporary visa for study or training, you’re not off the hook if you have taxable income.

Claiming Your Due: Refunds and Benefits

Think you’ve overpaid your taxes or want to claim deductions or credits? You’ll need to file a return to get those benefits. And if you have real property income in the U.S. but no business activities, you still need to file to take any allowable deductions against that income.

Income Reporting: What’s Taxable?

Your income falls into two categories: effectively connected with a U.S. trade or business (taxed at graduated rates) and fixed, determinable, annual, or periodical income (taxed at a flat rate). Knowing which category your income falls into is crucial for accurate reporting and taxation.

Form Filing: Choosing the Right One

Nonresident aliens, it’s Form 1040-NR for you. This form is your key to complying with U.S. tax laws and ensuring you’re taxed correctly on your income.

Timing is Everything: When and Where to File

Mark your calendars! If you’re an employee with wages subject to U.S. tax withholding, you generally have until April 15. If not, you have until June 15. And don’t forget, there’s always the option to file for an extension if you need more time.

Don’t Lose Your Deductions and Credits

To keep your deductions and credits, you need to file your return within 16 months of the due date. Miss this window, and you might lose out on these valuable tax benefits.

Departing Aliens: Before You Go…

Leaving the U.S.? Make sure to obtain a certificate of compliance, also known as a sailing or departure permit. This is a must-have document from the IRS before you bid adieu.

Conclusion: Stay Ahead in Your Tax Journey

Navigating U.S. tax laws as a nonresident alien can be complex, but staying informed and seeking professional guidance ensures compliance and maximizes benefits. Let our expertise at Kewal Krishan & Co guide you through every step.

Have Questions?

Navigating the U.S. tax system as a nonresident alien can be daunting, but it’s manageable with the right knowledge and support. If you need expert assistance in filing your U.S. tax returns or have any tax-related queries, don’t hesitate to reach out to our COO, Anshul Goyal, at Let us help you stay compliant and make the most of your tax situation.


This blog post is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as legal or tax advice. Tax laws and regulations are subject to change, and their application can vary based on individual circumstances. Consult with a qualified tax advisor for personalized guidance.


1. What is the substantial presence test for nonresident aliens?

The substantial presence test determines tax residency based on the number of days an individual spends in the U.S. over a three-year period.

2. Can nonresident aliens claim tax treaty benefits?

Yes, nonresident aliens may be eligible for tax treaty benefits, which can reduce or exempt certain types of income from U.S. taxation.

3. What is effectively connected income (ECI)?

ECI is income that is connected to a nonresident alien’s trade or business in the U.S. and is taxed at graduated rates.

4. What is FDAP income?

Fixed, Determinable, Annual, or Periodical (FDAP) income is passive income from U.S. sources, such as dividends or interest, taxed at a flat rate.

5. How does a nonresident alien report income from real property?

Income from real property can be reported as effectively connected income on Form 1040-NR if the nonresident alien chooses to treat it as such.

6. What are the tax implications for nonresident alien students and scholars?

Nonresident alien students and scholars on “F,” “J,” “M,” or “Q” visas must file Form 1040-NR if they have U.S. income subject to tax.

7. What is the difference between a resident and nonresident alien for tax purposes?

A resident alien generally meets the green card test or substantial presence test and is taxed on worldwide income, whereas a nonresident alien is taxed only on U.S.-sourced income.

8. How can nonresident aliens minimize their U.S. tax liability?

Nonresident aliens can minimize their tax liability by taking advantage of tax treaty benefits, deductions, and credits for which they are eligible.

9. What happens if a nonresident alien fails to file a U.S. tax return?

Failure to file can result in penalties, interest charges, and potential loss of eligibility for certain tax benefits.

10. Can nonresident aliens use tax software to file their U.S. tax returns?

Yes, some tax software programs are designed to accommodate the filing needs of nonresident aliens, but it’s important to choose one that supports Form 1040-NR.


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *


Download Profile

Enter your email address to download our firm profile now.
We value your privacy and promise to keep your information secure.

This will close in 0 seconds

File your tax returns with us NOW!

    This will close in 0 seconds

    File your tax returns with us NOW!

      This will close in 0 seconds

      Open chat
      Can we help you?