Kewal Krishan & Co, Chartered Accountants


The annual ritual of filing Income Tax Returns (ITR) is fundamental for every taxpayer in India. Not only does it align with legal obligations, but it also helps in managing one’s finances better by making use of various tax deductions and benefits. This guide aims to simplify the ITR filing process for 2024, providing you with all the necessary details to file your tax returns accurately and efficiently.

Preparation for Filing ITR

Effective preparation is key to a smooth ITR filing experience. Start by gathering all the essential documents which will vary slightly depending on your source of income.

Essential Documents:

– PAN and Aadhaar Card: Mandatory for linking and verification purposes.

– Bank Statements: For all accounts to report any interest income or to identify deductible expenses.

– Form 16: Issued by your employer detailing your salary income and TDS.

– Form 26AS: A tax credit statement that summarizes taxes paid on your behalf, which you can download from the TRACES website.

– Investment Proofs: For deductions under Section 80C (LIC, PPF, NSC, etc.), 80D (medical insurance), and other applicable sections.

– Capital Gains Statements: If you have sold investments or property.

Organize these documents early to avoid the end-time rush and to ensure you claim all applicable deductions.

Understanding Different ITR Forms

Choosing the correct ITR form is crucial for processing your tax returns without delays. The form depends largely on the nature of your income.

– ITR-1 (Sahaj): Applicable for residents with total income up to ₹50 lakh, including salaries, one house property, other sources (interest etc.), and agricultural income up to ₹5,000.

– ITR-2: For individuals and HUFs not carrying out business or profession under any proprietorship.

– ITR-3: For individuals and HUFs with income from a proprietary business or profession.

– ITR-4 (Sugam): For presumptive income from business & profession.

Understand the requirements of each form and choose the one that aligns with your sources of income.

Step-by-Step Guide to Filing ITR Online

The IT Department has streamlined the process of e-filing, which can be done through their official portal.

1. Registration/Login: If you are a new user, you’ll need to register using your PAN, which will serve as your user ID.

2. Download the Appropriate ITR Utility: Download the ITR preparation software corresponding to the required ITR form from the portal.

3. Fill in the Details: Input all relevant data by following the instructions provided in the utility software. Ensure you double-check all figures, especially those relating to income and tax deductions.

4. Upload the Return: Once the details are filled, generate the XML or JSON file and upload it on the e-filing portal.

5. E-Verify: After submission, e-verify your return using Aadhaar OTP, Net Banking, or EVC through your registered bank account. Alternatively, you can physically send the signed ITR-V to the CPC in Bengaluru.

Common Mistakes to Avoid

Errors can delay processing or even lead to notices from the tax department:

– Under-reporting income: Ensure all income sources, including interest from savings accounts and capital gains, are reported.

– Incorrect personal details: Mismatched PAN, Aadhaar numbers, or bank account details.

– Not claiming all deductions: Often taxpayers forget to claim deductions under Sections 80C to 80U which can reduce taxable income.

Deadlines and Penalties

The usual deadline for filing ITRs is July 31st of the assessment year unless extended by the government. Missing the deadline can result in penalties ranging from ₹1,000 to ₹10,000, depending on when you file and your total income.

Benefits of Timely ITR Filing

Timely filing of your ITR can aid in faster loan approvals, carry forward losses, quick refunds, and also help in visa processing. It also enhances your credibility as a financially responsible individual.


With the right preparation and understanding, filing your ITR can be a straightforward task. Remember, timely and accurate filing not only helps you comply with tax laws but also optimizes your financial planning. If you need more personalized guidance or encounter specific challenges, don’t hesitate to reach out for professional advice.

Need Help?

Don’t navigate the complexities of ITR filing alone! For expert guidance or if you encounter any difficulties, contact Anshul Goyal at through our website. Our team is ready to assist you with personalized advice and ensure your tax filing is as smooth and efficient as possible.


Navigating your ITR filing accurately and on time is crucial for maintaining your financial health and compliance. Remember, proper planning and understanding of the process can significantly ease your tax filing experience. For any assistance, our experts are just a call or click away—ensure your peace of mind today.


This blog post is intended for informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal, tax, or financial advice. The details mentioned herein are subject to change based on new regulations or amendments by the Income Tax Department of India. Always consult with a professional tax advisor for personalized advice based on your specific circumstances. KKCA is not liable for any errors or omissions nor for any actions taken based on the information provided in this blog.

FAQ Section

1. What is an ITR?
ITR, or Income Tax Return, is a form used by taxpayers to report their income figures and taxes to the IRS.

2. Who is required to file an ITR?
Any individual or entity that earns income during the fiscal year, either through salary, business profits, dividends, or other sources, must file an ITR.

3. What documents are needed for filing an ITR?
Key documents include PAN card, Aadhaar card, bank statements, Form 16/16A/26AS, investment proofs, and previous year’s tax return.

4. How do I choose the correct ITR form?
The choice of ITR form depends on the taxpayer’s sources of income. Forms range from ITR-1 for salaried individuals to ITR-4 for those with presumptive income.

5. What is the deadline for filing ITR?
The typical deadline is July 31 of the assessment year, unless extended by the government.

6. Can I file my ITR online?
Yes, the IT department provides an online platform for e-filing ITRs, accessible through their official e-filing portal.

7. What if I miss the ITR filing deadline?
Missing the deadline can result in penalties ranging from ₹1,000 to ₹10,000, depending on the case specifics and income amount.

8. How can I verify my ITR?
ITR verification can be done electronically through Aadhaar OTP, EVC via net banking, or by sending a signed ITR-V to CPC Bengaluru.

9. Are there any benefits to filing ITR early?
Early filing ensures faster processing, quicker refunds, avoids last-minute errors and the rush, and provides peace of mind.

10. What should I do if I make a mistake in my ITR?
If you discover an error after filing, you can file a revised return to correct the mistake within the specified timeframe.

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