Kewal Krishan & Co, Chartered Accountants
Tax Brackets


Understanding the tax brackets in India is crucial for every taxpayer aiming to file accurately and benefit from potential deductions. This detailed overview will help you comprehend how tax rates differ based on various filing statuses including individuals, senior citizens, and super senior citizens. This guide is designed to assist you in effective financial planning and to ensure you’re well-prepared for the tax season.

What Are Tax Brackets?

Tax brackets are defined ranges of income taxed at specific rates, designed to distribute the tax burden more equitably among different income groups. As your income increases, so does the rate at which it is taxed, which is the foundation of a progressive tax system. Understanding these can help taxpayers make informed decisions about investments, deductions, and other tax-saving strategies.

Detailed Tax Brackets for 2023

Individual Taxpayers Below 60 Years:

– Up to ₹2,50,000: No tax. This exemption covers a vast majority of lower-income earners, shielding them from any tax liability.

– ₹2,50,001 to ₹5,00,000: Taxed at 5%. This modest rate is designed to ease the tax burden on lower to middle-income earners.

– ₹5,00,001 to ₹10,00,000: ₹12,500 plus 20% of income over ₹5,00,000. This bracket targets the middle-income group, allowing for a balanced contribution to tax revenues.

– Above ₹10,00,000: ₹1,12,500 plus 30% of income over ₹10,00,000. This highest bracket affects high-income earners, ensuring a substantial contribution from those most capable of affording it.

Senior Citizens (Aged 60 to 80 years):

– Up to ₹3,00,000: No tax. This provides an increased income exemption limit compared to younger taxpayers, recognizing the need for financial stability in retirement.

₹3,00,001 to ₹5,00,000: 5% tax. This lower rate benefits seniors with modest pensions or retirement savings.

– ₹5,00,001 to ₹10,00,000: ₹10,000 plus 20% of income over ₹5,00,000.

– Above ₹10,00,000: ₹1,10,000 plus 30% of income over ₹10,00,000.

Super Senior Citizens (Aged above 80 years):

– Up to ₹5,00,000: No tax. This exemption covers even higher thresholds, providing relief to the oldest taxpayers.

– ₹5,00,001 to ₹10,00,000: 20% tax, simplifying tax calculations by removing the lower tax rate band.

– Above ₹10,00,000: ₹1,00,000 plus 30% of income over ₹10,00,000.

Effective Tax Planning Using Brackets

Understanding which bracket you fall into is the first step in effective tax planning. Here are a few strategies:

– Advance Planning: Start planning at the beginning of the financial year to spread out your investments and avoid last-minute decisions.

– Tax-Saving Investments: Consider tax-saving instruments under Section 80C, such as ELSS, PPF, and NSC, which can reduce your taxable income.

– Deductions and Exemptions: Make sure to claim all eligible deductions and exemptions to reduce your taxable income.

Conclusion: Enhance Your Financial Strategy

With a clear understanding of the tax brackets in India, you can better manage your finances and potentially reduce your tax liabilities. Early and informed planning ensures that you take full advantage of the tax benefits available to you.

Need Tailored Tax Advice?

Connect with Anshul Goyal, our COO, at, or [schedule a consultation by clicking for personalized strategies to optimize your tax commitments based on your specific financial situation.


This blog post provides general information only and is not intended as legal, tax, or financial advice. Consult a professional for advice tailored to your particular circumstances and for the most current information.


1. What are tax brackets?
Tax brackets are the divisions at which tax rates change in a progressive tax system. Essentially, different portions of your income are taxed at different rates.

2. Who qualifies as a senior citizen under the Indian tax law?
A senior citizen for tax purposes is anyone who is aged between 60 to 80 years.

3. What is the tax rate for super senior citizens above 80 years on income over ₹10,00,000?
Super senior citizens are taxed at ₹1,00,000 plus 30% of the income that exceeds ₹10,00,000.

4. Are there any tax exemptions specifically available for senior citizens?
Yes, senior citizens receive higher exemption limits on their income before taxes apply, compared to younger taxpayers.

5. How does the tax exemption for individual taxpayers below 60 years work?
Individual taxpayers below 60 years are exempt from tax for income up to ₹2,50,000.

6. Can you explain the tax implication for an income of ₹7,00,000 for a taxpayer under 60 years?
For an income of ₹7,00,000:
– The first ₹2,50,000 is tax-free.
– The next ₹2,50,000 is taxed at 5%, which equals ₹12,500.
– The remaining ₹2,00,000 is taxed at 20%, which equals ₹40,000.
Total tax = ₹12,500 + ₹40,000 = ₹52,500.

7. What tax-saving investments can taxpayers consider?
Taxpayers can consider Equity-Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS), Public Provident Fund (PPF), National Savings Certificates (NSC), and other instruments under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

8. What deductions are commonly overlooked by taxpayers?
Commonly overlooked deductions include those for medical insurance premiums, education loans, and donations under Section 80G.

9. How can advance planning help in managing taxes?
Advance planning can help taxpayers spread out their investments throughout the year, which can aid in managing cash flows better and avoiding last-minute investment decisions that may not be as strategically beneficial.

10. Are there any special tax rates or exemptions for income from capital gains or dividends in India?
Yes, capital gains and dividends are taxed differently depending on the type of investment and the duration of holding. Long-term capital gains from equities, for instance, are taxed at 10% without indexation if exceeding ₹1 lakh.

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