Kewal Krishan & Co, Chartered Accountants
Tax Compliance Tax Credits


For small and medium enterprises (SMEs) operating in India, mastering the intricacies of tax compliance is not just a legal obligation but a crucial factor that influences business success and sustainability. In this blog, we’ll delve into the comprehensive landscape of tax responsibilities that SMEs face, offering insights and actionable strategies to streamline these processes and avoid common pitfalls.

Understanding SME Classification in India

In India, SMEs are defined based on their investment in plant, machinery, and equipment, aligning with the government’s criteria laid out under the MSME Act. Classification as an SME offers several benefits, including eligibility for government grants, subsidies, lower interest rates on loans, and tax exemptions that are crucial for nurturing business growth.

Criteria for Classification:

– Micro Enterprises: Investment does not exceed INR 1 crore, and turnover is less than INR 5 crore.

– Small Enterprises: Investment is between INR 1 crore and INR 10 crore, with turnover between INR 5 crore and INR 50 crore.

– Medium Enterprises: Investment is between INR 10 crore and INR 20 crore, with turnover between INR 50 crore and INR 100 crore.

These classifications help determine the specific tax benefits and obligations applicable to each category.

Key Tax Obligations for SMEs

Navigating tax obligations is a fundamental aspect of managing an SME. Here’s a closer look at the various taxes that SMEs need to manage:

Income Tax Compliance

Every SME must adhere to the Income Tax Act, which involves several specific duties:
– Filing Annual Returns: SMEs must file their returns by July 31 each year, reporting all income from the previous fiscal year.

– Advance Tax: If the tax liability exceeds INR 10,000, advance tax payments must be made in installments.

– Tax Audits: Applicable if the turnover exceeds INR 1 crore for businesses or INR 50 lakhs for professionals.

GST Compliance

Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a significant aspect of tax compliance for SMEs dealing in goods and services. Key points include:

– Registration Threshold: Mandatory for businesses with turnover above INR 40 lakh (INR 20 lakh for special category states).

– Filing Returns: Depending on turnover and the chosen scheme, GST returns can be monthly (GSTR-1 and GSTR-3B) or quarterly (QRMP scheme).

– Input Tax Credit: SMEs can claim GST paid on business-related purchases, reducing the amount of GST they need to pay.

Other Tax Considerations

– Professional Tax: This state-level tax varies and is applicable based on state-specific legislation.

– TDS Obligations: Businesses must deduct tax at the source for specific payments like salaries, professional fees, and contractor payments.

– ESIC Contributions: Applicable for businesses with more than 10 employees, providing social security and medical care to employees.

Digital Compliance and Record-Keeping

The shift towards digital record-keeping and compliance has been significant, especially with the introduction of GST. Utilizing robust accounting software that integrates seamlessly with GST portals not only simplifies compliance but also ensures accuracy and minimizes the risk of penalties due to errors.

Penalties for Non-Compliance

Failure to comply with tax laws can result in severe penalties ranging from hefty fines to prosecution. For instance, late filing of GST returns results in a penalty of INR 100 per day, per act. Non-payment or underpayment of tax can lead to interest charges and additional penalties.


Effective tax management is pivotal for the growth and sustainability of SMEs in India. Understanding and fulfilling tax obligations timely ensures not just compliance but also positions an SME for favorable financial health and credibility. Engaging with a knowledgeable tax advisor is highly recommended to navigate the complex tax landscape, allowing business owners to focus more on growth and less on compliance.

Need Expert Guidance?

Navigating tax compliance can be complex and demanding. Don’t do it alone! Contact Anshul Goyal at or schedule a meeting by clicking with our experienced team to ensure your business meets all its tax obligations effectively and efficiently. We’re here to help you focus on what you do best—running your business.


This blog post is intended for informational purposes only and should not be taken as legal or financial advice. Each business’s circumstances are unique, and tax laws are subject to change. Please consult a professional tax advisor for specific guidance tailored to your business’s situation. KKCA does not accept any responsibility for any decisions or actions taken based on the information provided in this blog.

FAQ Section

1. What qualifies a business as an SME in India?
A business qualifies as an SME based on its investment in plant, machinery, or equipment, and its turnover, as per the MSME Act.

2. What are the key income tax obligations for SMEs?
SMEs must file annual tax returns, pay advance tax if applicable, and may be subject to audits if turnover exceeds certain thresholds.

3. What is GST and how does it affect SMEs?
GST is a nationwide tax on goods and services, replacing multiple indirect taxes. SMEs must register, file periodic returns, and can claim input tax credits.

4. How often do SMEs need to file GST returns?
This depends on turnover and the scheme opted for, ranging from monthly to quarterly filings.

5. What is TDS and how should SMEs handle it?
TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) is a tax that businesses must deduct when making certain payments, such as salaries and professional fees.

6. What are the penalties for non-compliance with GST?
Penalties include a fine of INR 100 per day for late filings and additional penalties for underreporting or non-payment of taxes.

7. What digital tools can help with tax compliance?
Accounting software that integrates with tax systems like GSTN can help streamline filings and maintain accurate records.

8. What is the importance of professional tax for SMEs?
Professional tax is a state-level tax on professions and trades, which SMEs need to collect and pay to the respective state government.

9. How can SMEs optimize their tax strategies?
SMEs can optimize their tax strategies by timely compliance, using all eligible deductions and credits, and engaging in tax planning with professionals.

10. Why should an SME consult a tax professional?
Tax professionals provide tailored advice, ensure compliance with changing laws, and can offer strategies to minimize liabilities and maximize profitability.

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