Kewal Krishan & Co, Chartered Accountants
tax laws tax notices GST and Income Tax
  • 2024-04-23
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Introduced on July 1, 2017, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) represents a pivotal reform in the Indian tax regime. By replacing a plethora of indirect taxes with a single, streamlined tax, GST aims to unify the national market and significantly ease the doing of business. Whether you’re a business owner, a finance professional, or a consumer, understanding GST’s framework is crucial for navigating the complexities of the Indian market.

What is GST?

GST is a comprehensive, multi-stage tax levied on every value addition throughout the supply chain. Its primary aim is to consolidate various indirect taxes into a single tax, thereby eliminating the cascading effect of taxes and simplifying compliance. This unified tax system enhances the efficiency of tax collection and paves the way for a transparent and corruption-free tax administration.

How GST Works

GST operates under a dual system where both the State and Central governments levy tax on a common tax base. The three components of GST are:

– CGST (Central Goods and Services Tax) which is collected by the Central Government on intra-state sales.

– SGST (State Goods and Services Tax) which is collected by the State Government on intra-state sales.

– IGST (Integrated Goods and Services Tax) which is levied by the Central Government on inter-state sales and imports.

This structure helps in ensuring that tax is distributed between the Centre and the States in a transparent manner, facilitating a smoother process of revenue collection.

Benefits of GST

1. Streamlining Taxation: GST replaces multiple taxes and charges which were previously applicable. This simplification helps businesses understand their tax obligations better.

2. Boosting Efficiency: By reducing the cascading effect of taxes, GST lowers the cost of goods and services, potentially increasing demand and consumption, which in turn can boost economic growth.

3. Enhancing Compliance: GST’s technology-driven approach reduces human intervention in the tax administration process, leading to fewer corruption opportunities.

4. Improving Competitiveness: By leveling the playing field between large enterprises and small traders, GST enhances the competitiveness of Indian businesses in the global market.

GST Compliance

Compliance under GST includes obtaining the right registrations, following detailed invoicing rules, and filing returns timely. It’s structured as follows:

– Registration: Any business with a turnover exceeding the threshold limit needs to register under GST.

– Invoicing: GST mandates the issuance of GST-compliant invoices for all transactions, with detailed breakdowns of CGST, SGST, and IGST.

– Returns: Businesses are required to file monthly, quarterly, and annual returns, which helps in the proper documentation and matching of credits throughout the supply chain.

Challenges and Adaptations

The transition to GST was not without its challenges. Small and medium enterprises, in particular, faced difficulties adjusting to the new electronic compliance system. However, the government has continually made efforts to simplify GST rules, improve the GST portal, and address taxpayer grievances promptly.

Conclusion: GST – Transforming Business and Compliance

GST has reshaped the Indian economic landscape, simplifying tax structures and enhancing transparency. Its implementation has eased the way business is conducted across state lines, promoting a unified market. As businesses adapt to this comprehensive tax system, staying informed and compliant is more crucial than ever to leverage the benefits of GST fully.

Need Expert Guidance?

For personalized assistance on how to integrate and manage GST compliance effectively within your business operations, contact our COO, Anshul Goyal, at, or schedule a meeting by clicking today to ensure that your business is making the most of this pivotal reform.


This blog post is provided for informational purposes only and does not constitute legal, tax, or financial advice. The information may not apply to all individuals or situations; therefore, it is advisable to consult with qualified professionals to discuss how the GST impacts your specific circumstances. No reliance should be based solely on the contents of this article.


1. What is GST?
Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a comprehensive, multi-stage tax on goods and services across India, intended to replace many existing indirect taxes.

2. Who needs to register for GST?
Businesses with annual revenue above Rs. 20 lakh (Rs. 10 lakh for NE and hill states) need to register for GST.

3. What are the benefits of GST?
GST reduces the cascading effect of tax, simplifies compliance, and increases the taxpayer base by bringing more businesses under its purview.

4. How does GST work?
GST is levied at every point of sale in the supply chain, with a system of input tax credits that ensures tax is collected on value addition only.

5. What are the types of GST?
There are three types: CGST, SGST, and IGST, which are levied depending on whether a transaction is intra-state or inter-state.

6. How do I file for GST?
GST returns can be filed online through the GST portal, using the forms applicable to the specifics of your business.

7. Can GST be claimed back?
Yes, GST paid on business-related expenses can be claimed back as an input tax credit against GST liability on sales.

8. What are the penalties for non-compliance with GST?
Penalties include fines and interest on the unpaid tax amount, and can also lead to legal actions depending on the severity of the non-compliance.

9. Is GST applicable to all products and services?
Most products and services are covered under GST, but there are exemptions and exceptions like alcohol for human consumption, petroleum products, etc.

10. How often do I need to file GST returns?
GST returns are usually filed monthly, quarterly, or annually, depending on the type of taxpayer you are classified as under the GST law.

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