Kewal Krishan & Co, Chartered Accountants
Beneficial Ownership Reporting
  • 2023-09-12
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In recent times, financial transparency and anti-money laundering efforts have become a global priority. To enhance these endeavors, certain companies, known as “reporting companies,” are now required to disclose their beneficial ownership information to the Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN). This crucial step aims to prevent illicit financial activities by shedding light on the true owners of these entities. In this blog, we’ll delve into the definitions and classifications of reporting companies, differentiating between domestic and foreign reporting entities.

Domestic Reporting Companies:

A domestic reporting company can take various legal forms, including a corporation, limited liability company (LLC), or any other entity created through the filing of documents with a secretary of state or a similar office under state or Indian tribal law. This definition encompasses a wide range of businesses operating within the United States. If your company falls into any of these categories and requires filing with a state or Indian Tribal-level office for its creation or business registration, it is considered a domestic reporting company, unless certain exemptions apply.

Foreign Reporting Companies:

On the other hand, foreign reporting companies are those entities formed under the laws of a foreign country. To be categorized as a foreign reporting company, the entity must also be registered to conduct business within the United States. This registration involves filing appropriate documents with a secretary of state or an equivalent office, as required by the law of a U.S. state or Indian tribe. Essentially, foreign reporting companies are foreign entities operating within the United States, and their registration ensures their presence is officially recognized.

Key Takeaways:

1. Reporting Requirement: Reporting companies are obligated to disclose their beneficial ownership information to FinCEN, contributing to efforts to combat money laundering and illicit financial activities.

2. Domestic Reporting Companies: These include corporations, LLCs, and other entities formed under state or tribal law that necessitated filing with a relevant office.

3. Foreign Reporting Companies: These entities are formed under foreign law and have registered to conduct business in the United States by filing necessary documents with a U.S. state or Indian tribe.

4. Geographic Scope: The definition of “state” in this context encompasses not only U.S. states but also territories, commonwealths, and possessions of the United States.


Understanding the distinction between domestic and foreign reporting companies is vital for compliance with beneficial ownership reporting requirements. By shedding light on the true owners of these entities, regulators aim to create a more transparent and accountable financial landscape. If your company fits the criteria mentioned above, it’s crucial to familiarise yourself with these regulations to ensure compliance with reporting obligations and contribute to the broader goal of combating financial crime.

Email: , Phone: +1 (323)522-5584

Disclaimer: Please note that the information provided in this article does not constitute professional advice. The contents are intended for general information purpose only and It’s always recommended to seek counsel from a qualified professional or attorney familiar with your specific business situation before making any decisions.

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